PostgreSQL 8.1でのヘルプ表示方法と表示結果

psqlでPostgreSQLに接続後、

\?

と入力して[Enter]キーを押すと、PostgreSQLのヘルプを表示することができる。

《例》Linux(CentOS 5)でヘルプを表示する方法と表示結果

[root@nobuneko ~]# psql -U postgres nobuneko_datanase
Welcome to psql 8.1.23, the PostgreSQL interactive terminal.

Type: \copyright for distribution terms
\h for help with SQL commands
\? for help with psql commands
\g or terminate with semicolon to execute query
\q to quit

nobuneko_datanase=# \?
General
\c[onnect] [DBNAME|- [USER]]
connect to new database (currently "nobuneko_datanase")
\cd [DIR] change the current working directory
\copyright show PostgreSQL usage and distribution terms
\encoding [ENCODING]
show or set client encoding
\h [NAME] help on syntax of SQL commands, * for all commands
\q quit psql
\set [NAME [VALUE]]
set internal variable, or list all if no parameters
\timing toggle timing of commands (currently off)
\unset NAME unset (delete) internal variable
\! [COMMAND] execute command in shell or start interactive shell

Query Buffer
\e [FILE] edit the query buffer (or file) with external editor
\g [FILE] send query buffer to server (and results to file or |pipe)
\p show the contents of the query buffer
\r reset (clear) the query buffer
\s [FILE] display history or save it to file
\w FILE write query buffer to file

Input/Output
\echo [STRING] write string to standard output
\i FILE execute commands from file
\o [FILE] send all query results to file or |pipe
\qecho [STRING]
write string to query output stream (see \o)

Informational
\d [NAME] describe table, index, sequence, or view
\d{t|i|s|v|S} [PATTERN] (add "+" for more detail)
list tables/indexes/sequences/views/system tables
\da [PATTERN] list aggregate functions
\db [PATTERN] list tablespaces (add "+" for more detail)
\dc [PATTERN] list conversions
\dC list casts
\dd [PATTERN] show comment for object
\dD [PATTERN] list domains
\df [PATTERN] list functions (add "+" for more detail)
\dg [PATTERN] list groups
\dn [PATTERN] list schemas (add "+" for more detail)
\do [NAME] list operators
\dl list large objects, same as \lo_list
\dp [PATTERN] list table, view, and sequence access privileges
\dT [PATTERN] list data types (add "+" for more detail)
\du [PATTERN] list users
\l list all databases (add "+" for more detail)
\z [PATTERN] list table, view, and sequence access privileges (same as \dp)

Formatting
\a toggle between unaligned and aligned output mode
\C [STRING] set table title, or unset if none
\f [STRING] show or set field separator for unaligned query output
\H toggle HTML output mode (currently off)
\pset NAME [VALUE]
set table output option
(NAME := {format|border|expanded|fieldsep|footer|null|
numericlocale|recordsep|tuples_only|title|tableattr|pager})
\t show only rows (currently off)
\T [STRING] set HTML <table> tag attributes, or unset if none
\x toggle expanded output (currently off)

Copy, Large Object
\copy ... perform SQL COPY with data stream to the client host
\lo_export LOBOID FILE
\lo_import FILE [COMMENT]
\lo_list
\lo_unlink LOBOID large object operations

  
 

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